Can a museum truly become the heart of its community?
That is the ambitious question the new Buffalo AKG Art Museum, formerly the Albright Knox Art Gallery, has tried to answer with its recently unveiled renovation and expansion designed by Shohei Shigematsu of OMA in collaboration with Cooper Robertson. This past weekend, the much-anticipated new campus opened to the public, free of admission, reportedly drawing more than 11,000 visitors.
The three-and-a-half-year construction project was made possible by a $230 million capital campaign ($195 million for construction, $35 million for additional endowment), a striking sum that marks the single largest capital campaign for a cultural institution in the history of Western New York.
The project’s crowing achievement, the Jeffrey E. Gundlach Building—named after the Buffalo native who gave $65 million to the project—now sits on one side of the museum campus, a space befitting a world-class institution. The circular building, luminously veiled in glass, expands the museum’s exhibition space by some 30,000 square feet. This addition is currently finalizing essential construction and will officially open to the public on July 20.
In many ways, the remarkable financial investment in the museum is a testament to a percolating optimism in Buffalo and the belief that the makeover of this 161-year-old institution—the sixth oldest art museum in the U.S., in fact—will usher in a long-awaited renaissance for the industrial city that has seen its fair share of struggle.
Building Toward the Future
For Janne Sirén, the director of the Buffalo AKG who joined the museum in 2013, the renovation has always been about far more than a structural project, but a symbolic rebuilding of a relationship between the museum of its community. “As museums, we pride ourselves as custodians of great art and as champions of artists, these bravest of individuals,” said Sirén. “But sometimes the general public can feel a little unwelcome, which is something we wanted to address.”
Before OMA began the project in 2016, Sirén invited Shigematsu to his grandfather’s cabin in Finland, where the two drank beers, enjoyed the sauna, and discussed the future of the museum. Sirén emphasized that the designers wouldn’t have creative carte blanche, but that the design should emerge through collaboration, with museum staff and the public.
To make this possible, the museum hosted a series of town halls and community meetings from the inception of the project, putting the public in conversation with museum leaders and, as the project progressed, with Shigematsu himself. When an early 2017 proposal met with pushback from locals, Shigematsu and the museum hit pause, revising the proposal to reflect these considerations.
In its final form, the building has an origami-like effect of both turning outward toward the city and pulling the city into the museum.
The grand staircase leading up to the museum’s original 1905 neoclassical building has been restored, offering an impressive invitation to entry. This marble staircase was removed during a 1962 renovation by American architect Gordon Bunshaft, and replaced with a parking lot. Here, OMA has moved parking underground and restored a large lawn at the heart of the museum campus, offering a green gathering place to the public, emphasizing the campus-like space, and placing the museum in more open conversation with the institutions it faces, including the Burchfield Penney Art Center and Buffalo State University.
One of the most luminous and moving additions to the museum is Common Sky, a new site-specific commission by Olafur Eliasson and Sebastian Behmann of Studio Other Spaces in the Seymour H. Knox Building. The Knox Building was part of the 1962 Bunshaft addition and previously contained an open-air courtyard that was largely inaccessible to museum visitors, especially during Buffalo’s long winter months. Common Sky now encloses that courtyard, renamed the Ralph C. Wilson Town Square.
At once architectural and sculptural, Common Sky presents a canopy of glass and mirrors rendered in alternating triangular segments that allow the light to pour into the space below. Visitors can look up and see themselves reflected in the mirrors too, creating a synergistic and kaleidoscopic pushing and pulling of reflections and space. Common Sky’s form tapers into the courtyard itself, with a cyclone-shaped column that leads to a complex system of drains below. This asymmetrical element nods both to the location of a lone hawthorn tree planted in the original courtyard in the 1960s, while simultaneously serving as a drainage system of rain and snow that Buffalo is famed for.
During a press tour, it was impossible to ignore the lingering smoke in the air blown south from Canadian wildfires, and in that sense, the installation was a poetic and powerful encapsulation of our interconnected existence—a reflection on the shared experience of the sky.
“As an artwork, it sensitizes you to the world outside, to the surrounding environment of Buffalo. It draws your attention to things that are difficult to measure, to things that depend on emotion and on your active involvement,” said Eliasson.
Along with Common Sky, the Knox Building also houses Cornelia, a new restaurant that includes a 30-foot glass mosaic by Firelei Baez, five studio classrooms, and Creative Commons, a first-ever museum learning center in partnership with the LEGO Foundation. Visitors will be able to see rotating installations from the museum’s permanent collection at the 2,000-square-foot M&T Bank gallery free of charge. Currently on view is “Looking Back: Lucas Samaras’s Mirrored Room,” which presents the artist’s work Room No. 2 (1966), commonly known as Mirrored Room and among the most beloved works in the museum’s collection.
A Storied Collection That’s Writing New Chapters
In many ways, Buffalo AKG’s renovation allows curators to showcase what it’s already had—a stellar permanent collection. Entering the museum’s main structure, the 1905 Neoclassical Wilbers building, the museum has for the first time been able to showcase a breadth of its storied holdings thanks to expanded gallery space.
Greeting visitors as they enter is Albert Bierstadt’s The Marina Piccola, Capri (1859), which was gifted to the museum by the artist when it opened in 1863. Pablo Picasso’s La Toilette (1906), another collection gem, is also on view, a nude so frank its acquisition scandalized the public, along with Giacomo Balla’s iconic Futurist work, (Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash) (1912).
The museum has particularly vast holdings of abstraction and here it dazzles. Jackson Pollock’s Convergence (1952) is so strikingly fresh-looking, one can imagine a hint of how audiences in the 1950s felt seeing his work for the first time. Joan Mitchell’s George Went Swimming at Barnes Hole, but It Got Too Cold (1957) is similarly awe-inducing. The largely chronological hang also includes top-tier works by Frida Kahlo, Romare Bearden, and Marisol, many other names familiar and those less so.
For what is essentially a straightforward collection install, the effect is surprisingly revelatory—one realizes how rare it is to see best-in-class artworks together in one place. Here, there aren’t many slackers. That impression continues over in the Gundlach Building, where the curators look again toward their collection (the building was still under construction when I visited but the galleries were complete).
On the ground floor is “Clyfford Still: A Legacy for Buffalo,” curated by Cathleen Chaffee, the museum’s chief curator. The exhibition marks the first time in more than 15 years that the museum has shown its entire Still collection. It includes 33 paintings, 31 of which were gifted by the artist between 1937 to 1963, making it the second largest in the world after the Clyfford Still Museum’s collection.
These monumental abstractions are vivid encounters with color and texture, and underscore the museum’s dedicated relationships with artists; Still developed a friendship with the museum’s former director Gordon M. Smith and board president Seymour H. Knox, Jr. in the 1950s. Smith had offered Still his first museum-scale survey in 1959, giving the artist unprecedented control over its shape, eventually resulting in the donation of works.
The ground floor of the Gundlach building also includes the so-called Nordic Gallery, which was empty as of press time, but which will be devoted to Scandinavian art. One can find hints of what that gallery might hold upstairs, on the second and third floors of the building, in the museum’s installation of late 20th- and early 21st-century artworks including Greenland-born artist Pia Arke’s video work Arctic Hysteria (1996) and Swedish artist Ragna Bley’s Serrated Tongues (2021). These galleries are a treasure trove, with enough top-notch work to elicit a novel; they include Carolee Schneemann’s Meat Joy (1964), Mark Bradford’s eyecatching Mississippi Gottdam (2007), and an excellent Robert Gober sink, among many others.
Perhaps the most fun is the third floor of the Gundlach Building, which showcases Buffalo AKG’s newest acquisitions and includes works by Genesis Tremaine, Deborah Roberts, a great Martha Jungwirth, and a luminous Simone Forti hologram.
The installation hints at continuation rather than any sort of backward-looking sentiment, which feels accurate as the museum has certainly not lost its penchant for collecting. Since the construction began, the museum has rapidly expanded its holdings—in the past four years, it has added some 518 works to the collection, including 200 works by Pop art sculptor Marisol (Chaffee is organizing an expansive exhibition of the Venezuelan artist’s work, which will originate in Montreal before returning to the Buffalo AKG).
Overall, there is something that feels deeply respectful about the new Buffalo AKG and its relationship with artists and its community. The museum does seem to say: yes, we are the heart.
Leaving Buffalo, a chatty woman sat beside me on my flight. When I told her I was visiting to see the museum, she smiled. “We’re all so excited about it,” she said. “Buffalo is a blue-collar town with beer-drinking, football-loving, down-to-earth people. But we deserve a great museum too.”
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