Simon de Pury on How Trailblazing Hip Hop Stars Kanye West, Pharrell Williams and Jay-Z Built Bridges Between the Worlds of Music and Art
Every month in The Hammer, art-industry veteran Simon de Pury lifts the curtain on his life as the ultimate art-world insider, his brushes with celebrity, and his invaluable insight into the inner workings of the art market.
When back in the early eighties I heard for the first time the music by artists such as Afrika Bambaataa, Grandmaster Flash, or the GB Experience, it was an exhilarating shock. Rap, the rhythmic rhyming chanted speech, was beginning to conquer the world, and it was only one element of the cultural revolution ignited by Hip Hop. Music, DJ’ing, dancing, art, fashion and jewelry have all been transformed by the burst of creativity and energy that emanated from this movement that originated at 1970s block parties in the Bronx, among African American, Latino American and Caribbean American communities.
Jean-Michel Basquiat experienced initial fame as part of the graffiti duo SAMO, before his meteoric rise. There was initially something totally rebellious about this new movement. As curator of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection I was excited in 1983 to give a guided tour of the collection that was then based in Lugano, Switzerland, to Rammellzee the “graffiti writer,” musician, painter, and sculptor.
He was walking through the galleries of the Villa Favorita with a huge boombox perched on one of his shoulders with music coming out of it at maximum volume. Looking at the masterworks by Carpaccio, Ghirlandaio, Caravaggio, Holbein, and Van Eyck he kept repeating “Holy shit! This is amazing!” At the end of the tour I asked him to sign the golden book reserved for V.I.P. guests. He filled a double page with his oversized scribble of a signature. When Baron H.H. Thyssen-Bornemisza next was in Lugano and wanted another guest to sign the guest book, he was very upset and felt it had been defaced. He asked me to have the double page taken out. I was luckily able to dissuade him from doing it when I explained that Rammellzee was an important artist.
While I have been involved in numerous auctions of Fine Jewelry, I tended to be bored by the lack of originality and creativity going through the sale catalogues, regardless of at which auction house these were taking place. The emphasis was invariably on the quality and purity of stunning diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires, but not on design and innovation.
In the mid eighties, R&B singer Faith Evans was struck by the originality of the jewels being made by a young jeweller Jacob Arabo under his new brand of Jacob & Co. Evans acquired some jewels and then brought in her husband, the Notorious B.I.G., who started commissioning more from Arabo. Rapidly, other Hip Hop stars followed and a genre was created, which, in the world of jewels, is today as important as Fabergé was at the beginning of the 20th century, or Cartier from the 1930s to the 1950s. When I was chairman of Phillips de Pury I tried to put together the first ever auction of Hip Hop Jewelry. We produced what I considered the most beautiful catalogue I did in my career. The sale was scuppered when one rap star disputed his connection to one of the rings. Doing a major exhibition or auction devoted to the topic remains one of my unfulfilled dreams.
I used to be surprised how little overlap there was between the worlds of contemporary art and music. The one person who changed that is Kanye West. For Kanye’s sensational Graduation album that he released in 2007, he asked Takashi Murakami to do the cover art. Murakami went on to work with other hip hop stars including Pharrell Williams, who collaborated with him for the sculpture The Simple Things that was the talk of Art Basel when it was first shown in 2009. It was sold at auction at Christie’s Hong Kong ten years later. There was a particular bond that developed between Japanese artists and creatives and the main stars of Hip Hop. Nigo, the brilliant creator of Bape, played no small role in this phenomenon that I would call “Nip Hop.” Nigo also worked with Pharrell Williams to create the fashion brand Billionnaire Boys Club.
For his 2008 album 808s & Heartbreak Kanye entrusted the cover art to KAWS who hadn’t yet attained his global notoriety. Two years later, Kanye contacted George Condo to do the artwork for his album My Dark Twisted Fantasy. Because of America’s obsession with a nipple free world you can only see it in a pixelated state whether you look for it in Spotify or iTunes. Condo himself is a talented musician but he had never heard of Kanye West before that. On May 2, 2011 I was at Condo’s house with Jeff Koons and Jeffrey Deitch jointly listening to Kanye’s sensational music on that album. The reason I remember (or was able to look up) the exact date is that during the course of the evening we heard that Osama Bin Laden had been found and killed.
In October of that same year, Jay-Z and Kanye West embarked on the Watch the Throne tour. I saw it with the mother of my youngest child in Frankfurt the following June, and after the concert Kanye invited us to his hotel room where he spoke passionately for hours of his various artistic projects. He told us that his ultimate role models were Steve Jobs, Michael Jackson, Walt Disney and Alexander McQueen. In that same year, Jay-Z and Kanye West released the hit song Otis, an homage to Otis Redding. In the video they drive around in a Maybach that had been completely transformed. With the help of gallerist Jeanne Greenberg-Rohatyn I was able to obtain the car as lot 1 in our evening sale of contemporary art at Phillips. During the viewing, we had queues of teenagers wishing to see the car close up. It was acquired by a Chinese collector as a graduation present for her son.
The consecration of the love story between Hip Hop and the art world took place in June 2013 when Jay-Z launched his song Picasso Baby with a video that was shot at Pace Gallery in the presence of multiple art world stars such as George Condo, Marilyn Minter, Lawrence Weiner, Andres Serrano, and most notably Marina Abramovic whose tête-à-tête interaction with Jay-Z is the highlight of the clip. The lyrics of the song include a roll call of Basquiat, Warhol, Bacon, Rothko, Koons, Condo, Mona Lisa, Christie’s, and Art Basel. In October 2013 I saw the concert that Kanye gave in Las Vegas as part of the Yeezus tour. The scenography and choreography was brilliantly done by Vanessa Beecroft, the contemporary artist who had attained fame through her art performances in many of the world’s top museums almost 20 years earlier. The 2018 video clip for Ape Shit by The Carters (Jay-Z & Beyonce) was filmed inside the Louvre in Paris. The segments containing dancers are evidently inspired by Vanessa Beecroft
Recently, I was speaking on the phone to Vanessa Beecroft in L.A. She was putting the finishing touches on an exhibition of her paintings and sculptures that I will present from late August onwards. I could hear the sound of exciting music in the background. It was Kanye, who, in the studio next door, was finalizing his next album. I am impatiently waiting for both his album and for Vanessa’s exhibition. It symbolizes to me the bridges that have been built between music and art thanks to trailblazers such as Kanye West, Pharrell Williams, and Jay-Z.
Simon de Pury is the former chairman and chief auctioneer of Phillips de Pury & Company and is a private dealer, art advisor, photographer, and DJ. Instagram: @simondepury
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